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Archive for Trivia

Grand Lodge of Arizona

Grand Lodge of Arizona was established in 1882, and in 1910 had 19 Lodges and 1,410 brethren under its jurisdiction.


Freemasonry in Alabama

On August 29, 1811, while Alabama was yet a part of Mississippi Territory, the Grand Lodge of Kentucky granted a dispensation for Madison Lodge, No. 21, in Madison County.

On August 28, 1812, a Charter was granted to this Lodge, locating it at Hunstville, and was issued the same day, and the Master was installed in Grand Lodge.

When the Territory was divided and Mississippi admitted into the Union in 1817, the Grand Lodge of Mississippi had not been organized, so that it never claimed jurisdiction outside of that State, and this Lodge remained under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky until the Grand Lodge of Alabama was formed.

The Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee grandted dispensations for Lodges in Alabama, as follows:  

  • Alabama Lodge, No. 21, at Huntsville, April 6, 1818;
  • Washington Lodge at Hazel Green, in 1818;
  • Rising Virtue Lodge at Tuscaloosa, in 1819;
  • Halo Lodge at Cahawba, April 4, 1820;
  • Moulton Lodge at Moulton, May 4, 1820;
  • Franklin Lodge at Russellville, October 3, 1820;
  • Tuscumbia Lodge at Courtland, March 3, 1821; and
  • Farrar Lodge at Elyton, March 5, 1821.

Charters were granted to Alabama and Washington Lodges, October 6, 1818; to Rising Virtue Lodge, October 5, 1819, and to Moulton, October 3, 1820.

A convention to organize a Grand Lodge was held at Cahawba on June 1, 1821, and was in session for five days. The constitution, dated June 14, 1821, was published by itself; it was signed by the Grand Officers and the Representatives of 9 Lodges, viz. : Madison Lodge, Alabama Lodge at Huntsville, Alabama Lodge at Clairborne, Rising Virtue Lodge, Halo Lodge, Moulton Lodge, Russellville Lodge, U.D., Farrar Lodge, and St. Stephen’s Lodge.

Thomas W. Farrar was elected Grand Master and Thomas A. Rogers as Grand Secretary.

The Grand Chapter of Alabama was organized on June 2, 1827, at the town of Tuscaloosa, and at the same time and place a Grand Council of the Royal and Select Masters was established.

On October 27, 1860, Sir Knt. B.B. French, Grand Master of the Grand Encampment of the United States, issued his mandate for the formation of a Grand Commandery of Alabama.


Freemasonry in Mexico

MASONRY was introduced into Mexico, in the Scottish Rite, some time prior to 1810, by the civil and military officers of Spain, but the exact period of its introduction is unknown.

            The first Work Charters were granted for a Lodge at Vera Cruz in 1816, and one at Campeche in 1817, by the Grand Lodge of Louisiana, followed by a Charter for a Lodge at Vera Cruz in 1823 by the “City” Grand Lodge of New York, and one in the same city in 1824 from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

            On February 10, 1826, five Charters were granted for Lodges in the City of Mexico by the “Country” Grand Lodge of New York, on the recommendation of Joel R. Poinsett, Past Deputy Grand Master of South Carolina, at that time the United States Minister to Mexico, who constituted the Lodges and organized them into a Grand Lodge with Jose Ignacio Esteva as Grand Master.

            The Masonic bodies, both York and Scottish Rite, however, soon degenerated into rival, political clubs, and the bitter factionalism became so strong that in 1883 the authority issued an edict suppressing all secret societies.

            The bodies met, however, secretly, and about 1834 the National Mexican Rite was organized with nine degrees copied after the Scottish Rite.

            In 1843, a Lodge was chartered at Vera Cruz and in 1845 at Mexico by the Grand Orient of France.

            In 1859, a Supreme Council 33°, with jurisdiction over the Symbolic degrees, was organized by authority of Albert Pike, and for a time the Supreme Council dominated all bodies.

            In 1865, the Grand Lodge Valle de Mexico was organized as a York Rite Grand Lodge, and worked as much until 1911, when a number of the Lodges, under the leadership of Past Grand Masters Levi and Pro, left the Grand Lodge and organized a rival body, under the obedience of the Supreme Council.


Freemasonry in Poland

FREEMASONRY was introduced into Poland in 1736 by the Grand Lodge of England, but in 1739 the Lodges were closed in consequence of the edict of King Augusts II, who enforced the bull of Pope Clement XII.

            From 1742 to 1749, Masonry was revived and several Lodges were erected, which flourished for a time, but afterward fell into decay.

            In 1766, Count Mosrynski sought to put it on a better footing, and in 1769 a Grand Lodge was formed, of which he was chosen Grand Master.

            The Grand Lodge of England recognized this body as a Provincial Grand Lodge. On the first division of Poland, the labors of the Grand Lodge were suspended, but they were revived in 1773 by Count Bruhl, who introduced the ritual of the Strict Observance, established several new Lodges, and acknowledged the supremacy of the United Lodges of Germany.

            There was a Lodge in Warsaw, working in the French Rite, under the authority of the Grand Orient of France, and another under the English System.

            These differences of Rites created many dissensions, but in August, 1781, the Lodge Catherine of North Star received a warrant as a Provincial Grand Lodge, and on December 27th of the same year the body was organized, and Ignatius Pococki elected Grand Master of all Polish and Lithuanian Lodges, the English system being provisionally adopted.

            In 1794, with the dissolution of the kingdom, the Lodges in the Russian and Austrian portions of the partition were suppressed, and those only in Prussian Poland continued their existence.

            Upon the creation, by Napoleon, of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, a Grand Orient of Poland was immediately established. This body continued in operation until 1823, with more than forty Lodges under its obedience.

            In November of that year, the Order was interdicted in consequence of the ukase of the Emperor Alexander prohibiting all secret societies, and all the Lodges were thereon closed.

            During the revolt of 1830 a few Lodges arose, but they lasted only until the insurrection was suppressed.


Freemasonry in Peru

FREEMASONRY was first introduced into Peru about 1807, during the French invasion and several Lodges worked until the resumption of the Spanish authority and the Papal influence, in 1813, when their existence terminated.

            In 1825, when the independence of the republic, declared some years before, was completely achieved, several Scottish Rite Lodges were established, first at Lima and then at other points, by the Grand Orient of Colombia.

            A Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Rite was instituted in 1830. In 1831 an independent Grand Lodge, afterward styled the Grand Orient of Peru, was organized by the Symbolic Lodges in the republic.

            Political agitations have, from time to time, occasioned a cessation of Masonic labor, but both the Supreme Council and the Grand Orient are now in successful operation.

            The Royal Arch Degree was introduced in 1852 by the establishment of a Royal Arch Chapter at Callao, under a Warrant granted by the Supreme Chapter of Scotland.

Freemasonry in Brazil

THE FIRST organized Masonic authority at Brazil, the Grande Oriente do Brazil, was established in Rio de Janeiro, in the year 1821, by the division into three of a Lodge at Rio de Janeiro, which is said to have been established under a French warrant in 1815.

            The Emperor, Don Pedro I, was soon after initiated in one of these Lodges, and immediately proclaimed Grand Master.

            But finding that the Lodges of that period were nothing but political clubs, he ordered them to be closed in the following year, 1882.

            After his abdication in 1831, Masonic meetings again took place, and a new authority, under the title of “Grande Oriente Brazileiro” was established.

Some of the old members of the “Grande Oriente do Brazil” met in November of the same year and reorganized that body, so that two supreme authorities of the French Rite existed in Brazil.

In 1832, the Visconde de Jequitinhonha, having received the necessary powers from the Supreme Council of Belgium, established a Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Rite; making thus a third contending body, to which were soon added a fourth and fifth, by the illegal organizations of the Supreme Councils of their own, by the contending Grand Orientes.

In 1835, disturbances broke out in the legitimate Supreme Council, some of its Lodges having proclaimed the Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Brazil their Grand Commander, and thus formed another Supreme Council.

In 1842, new seeds of dissension were planted by the combination of this revolutionary faction with the Grande Oriente Brazileiro, which body then abandoned the French Rite, and the two formed a new Council, which proclaimed itself the only legitimate authority of the Scottish Rite in Brazil.

But it would be useless as well as painful to continue the record of these dissensions, which like a black cloud, darkened for years the Masonic sky of Brazil.

Thing are now in a better condition, and Freemasonry in Brazil is united under the one head of the Grand Orient.